How Smoking Negatively Affects Men and Women Fertility

Smoking has proven to be harmful to the body over time; however, what many people don’t realise is that smoking can negatively affect fertility in both men and women. This is why individuals are strongly encouraged to quit smoking to ensure that they lead a healthier and happy life. The first key to living a healthier life is through proper knowledge. For this reason, we’re going to provide you with ways in which smoking affects men and women fertility.

Female Fertility

Smoking can make it difficult for women to get pregnant and remain pregnant. This is because smoking increases problems in the female body that are essential for a healthy pregnancy. Women who smoke may have pregnancy complications, low birth weight, and birth defects. Additionally, smoking can cause the following fertility problems:

  • Increased risk of miscarriage
  • Damage to the eggs as it develops inside the ovaries
  • Blockages in the fallopian tubes
  • Increased risk of ectopic pregnancy
  • Increased risk of developing cervical cancer

Male Fertility

Male smokers run the risk of a decrease in their quality of semen, as well as, a decrease in sperm concentration. Although a decrease in sperm may not directly correlate to male infertility, it can potentially make a negative impact. Other ways smoking can affect a male’s sperm include:

  • Sperm DNA: Smoking can essentially damage the sperm leading to problems with fertilization, embryo implantation and development, and increased miscarriages.
  • Sperm motility: Smoking may cause sperm to not swim properly, thus making it difficult for the sperm to fertilize the egg.
  • Sperm morphology: Smoking can also cause the shape of the sperm to change, making it difficult for the sperm to reach the egg and fertilize it.

Smoking affects every part of the reproductive system, which is why it is integral to stop if you want to conceive.

When you choose to quit smoking, you will boost your overall health, and you will naturally improve fertility, increasing your chances of having a healthier pregnancy. In fact, some of the adverse affects of smoking can be reversed within the year of quitting. If you have any questions about quitting smoking and fertility or you want to know more about how we can help you, contact us and we’ll gladly assist.